How Exercise Affects a Woman’s Fertility


How Exercise Affects a Woman’s Fertility:

If you want to improve your health and fertility, you can assume that incorporating exercise into your routine is one of the best ways to do this. While this is partly true, it is not the whole story.

It is true that obesity can lead to low fertility, and to combat obesity, a combination of diet and exercise is generally recommended. Exercising regularly can also reduce stress, which is important when you are trying to deal with infertility.

But even with exercise, too much good can be harmful in some cases. How much exercise is too much? And how can too much exercise reduce your fertility? Research can provide some insight.

Infertility has been described as a devastating life crisis for couples, and it has a particularly strong effect on women, in terms of anxiety and depression. About 30% of infertility in women is due to ovulation, and while lifestyle factors such as physical activity are considered important, the relationship between exercise and ovulation is multifaceted and complex, and to this day about the exercise system. I have no clear recommendations.


Exercise intensity, duration and fertility

When you look at all the research at once, most of the evidence suggests that moderate exercise is good for everyone and can even improve fertility. However, high levels of exercise can affect fertility in at least some people. These findings are based on a wealth of evidence.

Search Methods: Published literature was searched until April 2016 using the terms ovulation, anovulatory, fertility, sport, physical activity and exercise. Both observational and intervention studies were considered, as well as studies that combined exercise with diet. Case studies and articles that did not report innovation/ovulation or ovarian morphology as results were excluded. Studies on drugs administered in addition to exercise were excluded.


The benefits of exercise on fertility

Exercise has many health benefits for the average person, but for a woman trying to conceive, exercise can help eliminate, or at least eliminate, some of the causes of infertility:

Stress reduction: Stress not only affects your overall health but it can also affect your ability to conceive. Although stress does not directly cause infertility, it can lead to unhealthy behaviors that contribute to infertility, such as unhealthy eating, drinking and smoking. Exercisers handle stress better and have less stress than non-exercisers. More about exercising to relieve stress.

Weight loss: Obesity has been linked to infertility. Numerous studies have shown that obese women are more likely to have reproductive problems and, if they become pregnant, have a higher risk of miscarriage and birth complications. ۔ A regular cardio and strength training program is a key component of any weight loss program with a healthy diet.


The relationship between exercise and fertility

Even if you do not want to lose weight, exercise should be a part of your daily routine. Exercising for 30 minutes a day reduces the risk of oval factor infertility, but it can also be a very good thing. Excessive exercise or physical activity for more than 60 minutes a day can actually have the opposite effect and increase the risk of oval factor infertility. When it comes to the type of exercise, a general rule of thumb is to stick to activities and fitness routines that give you energy, rather than tiring you out completely.

Menstruation requires at least 17% body fat and 22% for ovarian regeneration. If the level falls below this, ovarian disorders and menstrual irregularities can occur and can lead to difficulty in conceiving.

It has also been established that it is not exercised stress that causes reproductive disorders. But, in an effort to save energy, the metabolic adaptation that results from energy deficiency alters the normal production and pulse of the reproductive hormones at all levels of the hypothalamic-pituitary ovary axis (HPO). Thus, the concentration of estrogen and progesterone decreases, resulting in exercise-related menstrual disorders (EAMD). The spectrum of EAMD includes severe menstrual disturbances, amenorrhea, and oligomenorrhea, which are easily detected by the absence of menstruation for at least 3 months or more and an inconsistent cycle of 36-90 days. Less severe EAMD involves luteal phase defects and involutions that usually occur within regular menstrual periods, making the disorder often unrecognizable.

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Woman learning fitness dance moves at health club. Female students learning dance in a fitness class.


The increasing frequency, duration, and intensity of PA were associated with increased fertility, and the frequency of PA was associated with voluntary infertility (P <0.01). After adjusting for age, equality, smoking, and marital status, women who were active most days were 3.2 times more likely to have fertility problems than inactive women. Exercising for fatigue was associated with 2.3 times less severity than fertility problems. Women with the highest intensity of PA at baseline had the lowest frequency of continuous nulliparity and the highest frequency of having three or more children during follow-up (P <0.05). Sensitivity analysis, including body mass index, did not change the results. No association was found between low activity levels and fertility or parity.

Better sleep

Although sleep problems are not a direct cause of infertility, lack of sleep is linked to obesity, which can affect fertility.

A study in the American Journal of Epidemiology found that women who slept less than five hours a night were more likely to gain weight exercise can actually help you get a good night’s sleep, especially if you exercise in the morning. Researchers believe that exercising in the morning can regulate your circadian rhythm so that you stay awake more during the day and get deeper sleep at night.



Many clear gaps have been identified in the present literature. Short-term studies of over-training have not always disrupted the ovaries identified in observational studies, which raises the question of the role of long-term training and chronic energy deficits. We believe this is worthy of further investigation into specific groups, such as professional athletes. Another difference is the complete absence of exercise-based interventions in women with a normal body mass index (BMI). A potentially unreasonable focus on weight loss rather than an exercise program also means a lack of studies comparing physical activity, intensity, and types of settings. We believe that these gaps are delaying the efficient and effective use of exercise as a treatment for involuntary infertility.